Courses to be in mother tongues in IITs and NITs

Top engineering institutes, including IITs and NITs, will offer their engineering courses in their corresponding mother tongues, for the 2021-22 academic year. During a high-level meeting, the Minister of Education, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal took this decision. According to an official statement by the ministry, an important decision was made to start technical education, particularly engineering courses providing education in mother tongue will be opened from next academic year. For the same, a few IIT and NIT are being shortlisted. This is in line with the new National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which encourages regional language as a mode of delivering education. There have been demands of conducting the entrance exams, including JEE, NEET, CAT, etc., in the mother tongue as well.

The Ministry of Education (erstwhile Human Resource Development Ministry) in November 2019 had declared that from 2021, JEE Main aspirants would be able to write the entrance test in 11 languages, including Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Odiya, Assamese, Bengali, English, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. As per a data released by the National Testing Agency, more than 79 percent of NEET applications come for English. Hindi and English combined make for 91.88 percent of candidates. English only comprised 79.3 percent in 2019 while it was 79.08 in 2020.

On 22 October, the Joint Admission Board also declared that it conducted the high-stake engineering entrance exam in more regional languages. In many researches, it has been found that students learn fast when they are taught in their mother tongue. And keeping this into consideration, the government has tried to implement the same for its prestigious courses.

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