Nobel prize winners 2020


Every October Nobel Prize season commences. In Sweden and Norway, committees name laureates in diverse prizes in the literature, science, economics and peace work. With the awarding of prize in Medicine or Physiology, the declarations were made on Monday this year. They will go on until next Monday, when the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in reminiscence of Alfred Nobel is declared.

Mostly it is offered to receivers in December in Oslo and Stockholm. But due to 2020 pandemic, the approaches are changed by the committees. In favour of a digital ceremony some events will be deferred in Stockholm. The recipients will get their prizes and diplomas in their respective embassies which will be later on handed over in their home countries. If possible, they may be invited to the award ceremony for next year.

In September a change was announced by The Nobel Committee. This year every prize will rise to 10 million Swedish krona, which is 1 million more than last year. In current exchange rates, it’s a hike prize value of about $112,000.

The Oslo ceremony for the peace prize will be smaller than other years, with a limited audience. The peace prize ceremony time period will be shorter than every year, with less audience.

Physiology or Medicine

On Monday, Drs. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice received the prize for their discovery of the hepatitis C virus. According to The Nobel committee, the three scientists had “made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.”

Physics

On Tuesday, Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez received the prize for their discoveries that have enhanced understanding of the universe, including work on black holes.

Chemistry

On Wednesday, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was jointly awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for their work on the development of Crispr-Cas9, a technique for genome editing.

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