Operating system is a type of system software that manages computer hardware, software resources and provide common services for computer programs. This operating system establishes a connection between the users and computer hardware (CPU, RAM, Input & Output devices) to make hardware run according to the command of users. We have three leading OS in the world. Windows is the most widely used OS particularly in the enterprises space. Then comes Mac OS, the Unix based OS used in a computer. After this, Linux open-source Unix based on Linux kernel scarcely used by less than 5% of desktop. Here in the article, we look at the business scenario of the diversified operating system Mac, windows, and Linux.
Microsoft initiated an operating software named windows on November 20, 1985 as a graphical operating system shell for MS Dos in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Microsoft came to dominate the world’s PC market with over 90% of market share that time, suppressing Mac OS. However, Microsoft has in 2020 lost its dominance of the consumer operating system market, with windows down to 30 per cent, lower than Apple’s 31 per cent mobile only share (65% for desktop operating system only).
Since 2001, after Microsoft windows, the second most widely used operating system is Mac OS. First desktop version of Mac OS X 10.0 was introduced in March 2001 with an updation of 10.1 arriving later. Mac OS has supported three major processor architectures. it first supported power PC based Macs in 1999. Starting in 2006, it ran on Mac using Intel x86 processors.
Keeping aside the new versions, Mac was also worked upon interfaces but there was still some issues like difficulty in using its functions that is to be worked on further to improve its sales performance.
Linux was originally developed for personal computers based on the Intel architecture but has since been ported to more platform than any other operating system because of the dominance of the Linux based Android on smartphone. Linux also has the largest installed base of all general-purpose operating systems. Although it is used by only around 2.3 % of desktop, the chromebooks which runs the Linux kernel-based Chrome OS dominates the US k -12 education market and represents nearly 20% of sab $300 notebook sales in the US.
The Linux is a widely ported operating system kernel, available for devices ranging from mobile phones to supercomputers. It runs on a highly diverse range of computer architectures including the hand held AKM based IPAQ and IBM mainframe system 290 or system 210.
Comparative market share scenario
As of July 2016, Mac OS is the second most active general purpose desktop client operating system used on the world wide web following Microsoft windows with the 4.90 per cent usage share, as per some reports.
The Linux market is growing rapidly and the revenue of server’s desktop and packaged software running Linux was expected to exceed by $35.7 billion by 2008, according to web server statistics. As of November 2018, the estimated market share of Linux on desktop computers is more than 2%. In comparison, Microsoft windows has a market share of around 87% while Mac OS covers around 9.7%
It does not go wrong if Mac OS devices are believed to be luxury. Hence, without any doubt, it is comparatively much costlier than the other two while the windows are easily affordable.
Linux is not behind in the race. Analysts and proponents attribute the relative success of Linux to its security, reliability, low cost and freedom from vendor.
Analysis in terms of software states that reliability of software is totally under the predominance of the windows devices. It can be simply stated that when a company introduces software on a small scale, it is only for the prevailing devices in the market and does not get operated by other OS till it is made available for others.
In terms of usage, Mac OS devices are quite difficult to use rather than windows and Linux but Macs wins the battle round of interfaces.